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GENERAL MAINTENANCE

Schedule & Services

General Maintenance is vital for your vehicle’s longevity. Something as simple as regularly scheduled maintenance drastically increases your vehicle’s life. So, what is it? It’s focused on anything in your vehicle that’s designed to wear down. This includes things like brakes, fluids, filters, belts, shocks, and tires. All General Maintenance items provide either performance or protection. After a while, these items lose their functionality. At Mark 5 Automotive, we commit to provide you with a detailed schedule of when to replace General Maintenance items – before they become a problem.

General Maintenance
Schedule

Engine Oil and Filter Replacement

Reset Service Interval

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Replace Cabin Air Filter(s)

Rotate Tires

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Power Steering Hydraulic Fluid Flush (If Equipped)
Replace Front Differential Fluid (If Equipped)
Replace Rear Differential Fluid (If Equipped)
Replace Transfer Case Fluid (If Equipped)

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Replace Spark Plugs

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Replace Drive Belts

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Power Steering Hydraulic Fluid Flush (If Equipped)

Replace Front Differential Fluid (If Equipped)

Replace Rear Differential Fluid (If Equipped)

Replace Transfer Case Fluid (If Equipped)

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Engine oil’s main purpose is to provide lubrication to moving parts such as bearings in your crankshaft, connecting rods, and camshafts. By having a thin layer of oil between the bearings and the components that ride on the bearings, it reduces friction. This reduces wear.

While lubricating all internal moving components, engine oil will act as a detergent and clean sludge build-up. Simultaneously, it prevents oxidation from fuel or moisture. Lastly, it helps seal combustion in the cylinder, absorbs vibrations, cools the engine and provides sound deadening.

Due to the immense amount of pressure and heat cycles that engine oil experiences, it will break down over time and be incapable of fulfilling its responsibilities. One of the biggest causes of engine failure is past-due oil changes. Mark 5 recommends having your oil and filter changed every 10,000 km. Sport and performance vehicle’s oil life span is even shorter – with a 6,000 to 8,000 km range.

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Just like home HVAC systems, your vehicle is equipped with air filters. Its purpose is to filter out pollen, dust, mold, bacteria and any large particles in the air so you can comfortably enjoy your air conditioning. One downside of having an air filter in your HVAC system is that it can absorb moisture. Moisture is going to naturally occur in your HVAC system and can sometimes be collected and absorbed by the air filter. This may cause an odd smell each time the HVAC system is on.

Not to worry, a simple air filter replacement and a deodorizer will fix that. Mark 5 recommends replacing your cabin air filters once a year. However, if you have allergies to pollen and/or dust we recommend replacing them every 6 months.

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If your vehicle is automatic, it will most likely have a transmission fluid filter. Its purpose is to be the first line of defence between the transmission pan and the transmission internals.

Naturally, the moving parts of your transmission will begin to slowly wear down, depending on your driving habits, and materials from the clutch packs will begin to deteriorate. This is completely normal. A minimal amount of this residue floats around your transmission and interferes with any internal components.

This is what the transmission fluid filter is used for – it protects and traps all unwanted particles. During the filter replacement process, it also creates a great opportunity to analyze the filter. We look for any red flags to see if your transmission is wearing down faster than expected. Mark 5 recommends replacing your transmission fluid filter every 50,000 to 60,000 km.

Schedule your appointment here.

If your vehicle is automatic, it will most likely have a transmission fluid filter. Its purpose is to be the first line of defense between the transmission pan and the transmission internals.

Naturally, the moving parts of your transmission slowly wear down, depending on your driving habits, and materials from the clutch packs will deteriorate. This is completely normal. A minimal amount of this residue floats around your transmission and interferes with any internal components.

This is what the transmission fluid filter is used for – it protects and traps all unwanted particles. During the filter replacement process, it also creates a great opportunity to analyze the filter. We look for any red flags to see if your transmission is wearing down faster than expected. Mark 5 recommends replacing your transmission fluid filter every 50,000 to 60,000 km.

Schedule your appointment here.

Whether your vehicle has a manual or automatic transmission, it needs transmission fluid. In manual transmissions, the fluid helps lubricate moving parts and reduces wear by creating a thin layer of fluid between these parts. In most FWD and AWD vehicles, there is a differential that resides inside the transmission. It will also share the same fluid for the reasons stated above.

For automatic transmissions, the fluid has similar functions. It helps lubricate moving parts but also controls the internal components, such as clutches, bands and torque converters. By engaging and disengaging clutches and bands, the transmission can shift between gears. Additionally, torque converters rely heavily on transmission fluid.

In both transmissions, the fluid has a detergent in it that continuously cleans your transmission. It also reduces heat and noise. Because of pressure and heat cycles, the fluid will naturally break down to the point when it no longer performs effectively. Therefore, regular transmission fluid changes will help your overall transmission’s life. Mark 5 recommends replacing your transmission fluid every 50,000 to 60,000 km depending on your driving habits.

Schedule your appointment here.

Brake fluid is what enables you to stop. It is a type of hydraulic fluid that transfers the force the driver applies on the brakes to create pressure on the brake pads. Since brake fluid is the only connection between the brake pedal and your brakes, it is important to replace it regularly.

Like most fluids in vehicles, brake fluid has several functions. It helps operate the vehicle’s ABS, preventing corrosion in brake lines. Due to it being a glycol-ether based product, brake fluid absorbs moisture and water. Although a vehicle’s brake system is sealed, moisture can slowly penetrate its way through seals and rubber hoses. The brake fluid will absorb the moisture and you’ll begin to experience a “squishy pedal”. Often, brake fluid exchange “flushes” get overlooked by owners. The best way to tell if your vehicle requires a brake fluid exchange is with an electronic moisture content tester. Mark 5 recommends replacing your brake fluid every 50,000-60,000 Km or every 2 years. For spirited or track drivers, we recommend replacing your brake fluid every 6 months to 1 year.

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An engine’s air filter is the only line of defense between the internal parts of your engine and ambient air. It keeps unwanted abrasive particles and insects out of your engine. These filters are made up of paper-based materials that only allow air through. Having a dirty air filter causes a decrease in performance, “check engine” lights and even causes engine failure.

Picture having a respiratory mask over your mouth. If the mask is clean, you’ll be able to easily breathe through it. Now imagine if it were covered in dirt, mud, and dust. It’ll be difficult to breathe through. The same concept applies to your engine. Mark 5 recommends replacing your air filters every 50,000 to 60,000 Km depending on the type of terrain you usually drive on. If dirt roads or dusty areas are a regular part of your drive, we recommend replacing them every 25,000 to 30,000 Km.

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A spark plug ignites the air and fuel mixture inside each cylinder. Since it is installed through the cylinder head, it also has to seal the combustion chamber. As spark plugs wear down, they lose their ability to create a spark inside the cylinder, and seal combustion.

Each cylinder is coated with a thin layer of oil every time the piston travels through its stroke. This is to minimize friction between pistons rings and the cylinder walls. If the fuel injected into the cylinder is not igniting, it will begin to soak the cylinder walls. Fuel will then remove the layer of oil being used for protection and eventually the piston rings and cylinder walls will no longer have any lubrication between them.

Typical symptoms are misfires, rough running and “check engine” lights. One or multiple bad spark plugs may create a “No Start”. A lot of times these symptoms are taken lightly, however, this may cause serious engine failure. That is why Mark 5 Automotive recommends replacing your spark plugs every 70,000 to every 80,000 Km. Performance vehicles have a shorter spark plug maintenance interval.

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A drive belt drives all engine accessories. The belt is driven by a crankshaft pulley which is routed over or under each accessory. Drive belts are what most commonly give vehicles the ability to turn with ease (power steering pump), cool down the vehicle (water pump), have air conditioning (a/c compressor) and charge your battery (alternator).

The majority of European vehicles contain only a single drive belt. Nevertheless, two separate drive belt systems may be also found. Drive belts are composed of a rubber-based material which wears down over time. Harsh weather conditions will cause faster wear. Signs of worn drive belts include squealing or squeaking (most audible during startup), cracking, and separation. If a drive belt fails, the vehicle will not be able to operate any accessories, making it impossible to drive. They often damage other components such as idler pulleys and tensioners.

It is troublesome to set a specific mileage to replace a drive belt. Many factors affect the rate at which it wears down. Examples of these factors are: the number of accessories the belt runs, the tension put on the belt, the number of tensioners the system has, the weather conditions the vehicle is being driven in, and the size of the pulleys the belt drives. The best way to prevent belt failure is to have it visually inspected every time the vehicle is in for service. As a rule, Mark 5 Automotive recommends replacing your vehicle’s drive belt(s) every 60,000 – 100,000 Km.

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